Stylus Input and Editing Without Prior Selection of Mode
UIST '03 (ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology)
Palo Alto Research Center
San Francisco State University
This paper offers a solution to the mode problem in computer sketch/notetaking
programs. Conventionally, the user must specify the intended "draw" or
"command" mode prior to performing a stroke. This necessity has proven to be a
barrier to the usability of pen/stylus systems. We offer a novel Inferred-Mode
interaction protocol that avoids the mode hassles of conventional sketch
systems. The system infers the user's intent, if possible, from the properties
of the pen trajectory and the context of the trajectory. If the intent is
ambiguous, the user is offered a choice mediator in the form of a pop-up
button. To maximize the fluidity of drawing, the user is entitled to ignore
the mediator and continue drawing. We present decision logic for the inferred
mode protocol, and discuss subtleties learned in the course of its development.
We also present results of initial user trials validating the usability of this
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